User-centered design driven development of a virtual reality therapy application for Iraq war combat-related post traumatic stress disorder (bibtex)
	address = {Esbjerg, Denmark},
	title = {User-centered design driven development of a virtual reality therapy application for {Iraq} war combat-related post traumatic stress disorder},
	url = {},
	abstract = {Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is reported to be caused by traumatic events that are outside the range of usual human experience including (but not limited to) military combat, violent personal assault, being kidnapped or taken hostage and terrorist attacks. Initial data suggests that at least 1 out of 6 Iraq War veterans are exhibiting symptoms of depression, anxiety and PTSD. Virtual Reality (VR) delivered exposure therapy for PTSD has been used with reports of positive outcomes. The aim of the current paper is to present the rationale, technical specifications, application features and user-centered design process for the development of a Virtual Iraq PTSD VR therapy application. The VR treatment environment is being created via the recycling of virtual graphic assets that were initially built for the U.S. Army-funded combat tactical simulation scenario and commercially successful X-Box game, Full Spectrum Warrior, in addition to other available and newly created assets. Thus far we have created a series of customizable virtual scenarios designed to represent relevant contexts for exposure therapy to be conducted in VR, including a city and desert road convoy environment. User-centered design feedback needed to iteratively evolve the system was gathered from returning Iraq War veterans in the USA and from a system in Iraq tested by an Army Combat Stress Control Team. Clinical trials are currently underway at Camp Pendleton and at the San Diego Naval Medical Center. Other sites are preparing to use the application for a variety of PTSD and VR research purposes.},
	booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2006 {International} {Conference} on {Disability}, {Virtual} {Reality} and {Associated} {Technology}},
	author = {Rizzo, Albert and Graap, Ken and Pair, Jarrell and {Reger} and Treskunov, Anton and Parsons, Thomas D.},
	year = {2006},
	keywords = {MedVR, Virtual Humans}
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