Assessment of Psychophysiological Differences of West Point Cadets and Civilian Controls Immersed within a Virtual Environment (bibtex)
	address = {San Diego, CA},
	title = {Assessment of {Psychophysiological} {Differences} of {West} {Point} {Cadets} and {Civilian} {Controls} {Immersed} within a {Virtual} {Environment}},
	url = {},
	abstract = {An important question for ecologically valid virtual environments is whether cohort characteristics affect immersion. If a method for assessing a certain neurocognitive capacity (e.g. attentional processing) is adapted to a cohort other than the one that was used for the initial normative distribution, data obtained in the new cohort may not be reflective of the neurocognitive capacity in question. We assessed the psychophysiological impact of different levels of immersion upon persons from two cohorts: 1) civilian university students; and 2) West Point Cadets. Cadets were found to have diminished startle eyeblink amplitude compared with civilians, which may reflect that cadets experienced less negative affect during the scenario in general. Further, heart rate data revealed that Cadets had significantly lower heart rates than Civilians in the "low" but not "high" immersion condition. This suggests that "low" immersion conditions may not have the ecological validity necessary to evoke consistent affect across cohorts.},
	booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th {International} {Conference} on {Foundations} of {Augmented} {Cognition}},
	author = {Parsons, Thomas D. and Courtney, Chris and Cosand, Louise and Iyer, Arvind and Rizzo, Albert and Oie, Kelvin},
	year = {2009},
	keywords = {MedVR},
	pages = {514--523}
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