Assessment instrument validation for critical clinical competencies - pediatricneonatal intubation and cholinergic crisis management (bibtex)
@inproceedings{andreatta_assessment_2014,
	address = {Orlando, FL},
	title = {Assessment instrument validation for critical clinical competencies - pediatricneonatal intubation and cholinergic crisis management},
	url = {http://ict.usc.edu/pubs/Assessment%20instrument%20validation%20for%20critical%20clinical%20competencies%20-%20pediatricneonatal%20intubation%20and%20cholinergic%20crisis%20management.pdf},
	abstract = {Military and civilian first-responders must be able to recognize and effectively manage casualties that necessitate immediate application of critical clinical competencies. Two examples of these critical competencies are the clinical management of injuries resulting from nerve agents and difficult intubation, especially for pediatric or neonatal patients. The opportunity to learn and practice the necessary skills for these rare, but urgent, situations is complicated by the limited ability to replicate essential situational factors that influence performance in the applied clinical environment. Simulation-based training may resolve some of these challenges, however it is imperative that evidence be captured to document the achievement of performance competencies in the training environment that transfer to applied clinical care. The purpose of this study was to establish psychometric characteristics for competency assessment instruments associated with two such critical competencies: management of cholinergic crisis and pediatric-neonatal intubation. Methods: To inform the development of assessment instruments, we conducted comprehensive task analyses across each performance domain (knowledge, performance). Expert review confirmed content validity. Construct validity was established using the instruments to differentiate between the performance abilities of practitioners with variable experience (novice through expert). Purposively selected firstresponder subjects for pediatric-neonatal intubation (N=214) and cholinergic crisis management (N=123) were stratified by level of experience performing the requisite clinical competencies. All subjects completed knowledge and performance assessments. Reliability was established using test-retest (Pearson correlation) and internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) for knowledge and performance assessments. Results: Significantly higher scores for subjects with greater levels of experience, compared to those with less experience established construct validity for each assessment instrument (p {\textless} .01). Significant correlations between test-retest outcomes indicated measurement reliability p {\textless} .01. Cronbach’s alpha for knowledge and performance scores demonstrated excellent internal consistency. Conclusions: Psychometric evidence establishes the value of assessment for identifying and remedying critical competency performance gaps.},
	booktitle = {Proceedings of {Interservice}/{Industry} {Training}, {Simulation}, and {Education} {Conference} ({I}/{ITSEC}) 2014},
	author = {Andreatta, Pamela and Klotz, Jessica and Madsen, James M. and Hurst, Charles G. and Talbot, Thomas},
	month = dec,
	year = {2014},
	keywords = {DoD, MedVR, UARC}
}
Powered by bibtexbrowser